Likely commissioned by King Charles I (1600-1649), before 9 August 1641, when the Prince was carried by barge from Lambeth to Van Dyck’s Whitehall studio;
probably Sir Horatio Townshend, 3rd Bt. and later 1st Viscount Townshend (1630-1687), Raynham Hall, Norfolk;
thence by descent to Field Marshall George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend (1724-1807), Raynham Hall, Norfolk;
by descent to his son George Townshend, 2nd Marquess Townshend (1753-1811), Raynham Hall, Norfolk;
by descent to John Stuart Townshend, 6th Marquess Townshend (1866-1921), Raynham Hall, Norfolk;
His sale [“Catalogue of the Townshend Heirlooms”]; Christie’s, London, 7 March 1904, lot 191 (as “D. Mytens”) 460 guineas to Agnews;
with Thomas Agnew & Sons Ltd., London;
from whom acquired by Robert (1850-1929) and Evelyn Benson (1856-1943);
by whom given to their daughter;
thence by inheritance;
anonymous sale [Property from an English Private Collection]; Sotheby’s, London, 5 December 2018, lot 29;
The Klesch Collection.
London, Royal Academy, “Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and Deceased Masters of the British School, Winter Exhibition”, 1910, cat. no. 126, lent by R.H. Benson Esq.
London, Royal Academy, “British Portraits, Winter Exhibition”, 1956 – 57, cat. no. 79 (as “attributed to Sir Anthony van Dyck”).
London, Thomas Agnew & Sons Ltd., “Sir Anthony van Dyck”, 7 November – 7 December 1968, no. 61.
London, National Portrait Gallery, “Van Dyck in England”, 1982, no. 63.
“A Catalog of pictures at Raynham Hall”, Ms. 177[?], Lewis Walpole Library, Yale University, Mss file 28.
Inventory of Pictures belonging to the Most Noble Marquis of Townshend and Leicester at Raynham Hall, 1810: “A pair of Whole Length Portraits of Chas. II and his Sister, by Mytens. £21.0.0.”.
The Collection of Pictures at Raynham Hall, compiled with historical notes by James Durham, privately printed 1926, pp. 6, 26.
Prince Frederick Duleep Singh, Portraits in Norfolk Houses, Norwich, n.d., vol. II, p. 200.
E. Larsen, L’opera completa di Anton van Dyck, Milan, 1980, p. 127, cat. no. 978.
E. Larsen, The Paintings of Anthony van Dyck, Freren, 1988, vol. II, p. 316, cat. no. 800, reproduced.
K.M. Gibson, “‘Best Belov’d of Kings’. The iconography of King Charles II”, D. Phil. diss., London, 1997, vol. I, pp. 21–22, vol. II p. 279, cat. no. 161, reproduced vol. III, fig. 23.
S.J. Barnes, N. de Poorter, O. Millar and H. Vey, Van Dyck. A complete catalogue of the paintings, New Haven and London, 2004, p. 484, cat. no. IV.68, reproduced.
A. Busiakiewicz, “Armour in the British Portraits of Sir Anthony van Dyck”, MA diss., London, 2014, p. 45, reproduced fig. 51.
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